(also called the Ruin and Reconstruction Theory)
This theory supposes that evolution occurred during an enormous time gap between the first two verses of the book of Genesis. This theory has eight basic assumptions:
* God created Earth and life.
* Between Genesis 1:1 and Genesis 1:2, all that evolution proposes took place.
* Fossils are the remains of animals and plants that evolved millions of years ago and were preserved in deposits left by local floods, sometimes millions of years apart.
* All of the fossilized animals evolved from non-living matter by chance, just as evolution teaches-first single cell plants, then invertebrate animals, vertebrate fish, amphibians, reptiles, and finally mammals.
* Mammals evolved into a race of man-like beings (a pre-Adamite race).
* All of this ended when Lucifer (a.k.a. Satan, the Devil) rebelled against God and was cast down to the earth.
* The result of Satan’s fall was global cataclysm (flood and explosion).
* This cataclysm left Earth as we find it in Genesis
1:2, without form and void with darkness on the face of the deep.
From a Scriptural point of view, this theory is totally without foundation. The proponents of the Gap Theory have been so bowled over by the supposed correctness of evolutionary theory that they have tried to save God’s and the Bible’s reputations, but they are doing God no favors.
Again, Genesis 1:1-5 states: “In the beginning God created the heaven and the earth. And the earth was without form, and void; and darkness was upon the face of the deep. And the Spirit of God moved upon the face of the waters. And God said, Let there be light: and there was light. And God saw the light, that it was good: and God divided the light from the darkness. And God called the light Day, and the darkness he called Night. And the evening and the morning were the first day.”
[Callout:] The theistic evolution theories are both scientifically and Scripturally bogus.
This all happened on the first day. The Hebrew word yowm in the original text can mean: 1) from sunrise to sunset; 2) a 24-hour period; 3) an indefinite period of time defined by an associated term (e.g., “in the day of battle” [Psalm 140:7]). But the context in Genesis 1:5 makes it clear that either definition 1 or definition 2 applies because it hems in the time period by one evening and one morning. (The Jewish day starts in the evening and ends the following evening, so the term evening and morning is consistent with Jewish usage.) And finally, whenever the word yowm appears in the Bible qualified by a number, such as “first” in this instance, it means a 24-hour period.
Also, when God had finished the Creation at the end of the sixth day, Genesis 1:31 (KJV) states, “And God saw every thing that He had made, and, behold, it was very good. And the evening and the morning were the sixth day.” Because everything He made at this point was very good, this seems to place the fall of Satan and his angels after the Creation Week-not before it, as claimed by the Gap Theory.
Evolutionists reject the Gap Theory outright because any cataclysm (such as a worldwide nuclear or volcanic explosion) that would leave Earth “without form and void” and with “darkness on the face of the deep” would effectively disintegrate Earth’s crust and thus obliterate all evidence of any previous “geological ages,” which they claim is found in sedimentary deposits with their fossils. Thus the Gap Theory-which is supposed to accommodate the geological ages-requires a cataclysm that would destroy all evidence for the geological ages. ([Footnote:] For more details on this subject, see “Why The Gap Theory Won’t Work,” by Henry M. Morris, published by the Institute for Creation Research. http://www.icr.org/pubs/btg-a/btg-107a.htm)
The Gap Theory satisfies neither the creationists nor the evolutionists.