Creation science contends that an intelligent designer was at work in the creation of the universe and life. A sizeable number on this side of the debate-perhaps even the majority-believe the Bible’s account of Creation-that is, that the universe was created over a span of six days about 6,000 years ago. (The age of the earth according to the Bible can be roughly calculated by adding the number of years Adam and his descendants lived, as listed in Genesis chapters 5 and 11 and other biblical passages, up to the laying of the foundation of the temple in Jerusalem by King Solomon in 967/966 B.C., a date most historians agree on, give or take a few years.) ([Footnote:] Edwin R. Thiele, The Mysterious Numbers of the Hebrew Kings (Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Co., 1951, rev. 1965) is regarded by many historians as the definitive work when determining biblical dates such as this.) Further to this, biblical creationists also accept the Bible’s account that a worldwide flood around 1,400 years after Creation cataclysmically altered the original Creation and that all humans and animals now inhabiting the earth are direct descendants of the occupants of Noah’s Ark.
The most popular atheistic theory as to the origin of the universe is the big bang theory. This theory goes through constant revision as new data is injected into the equation, but in essence it states that the universe began from a furiously spinning, infinitesimally small but immensely dense dot. The dot exploded in “the big bang” that threw out matter that expanded into all the astral bodies that inhabit the universe, which is still expanding.
Speculation is rampant as to when this occurred, but 20-40 billion years ago is the median time frame given. At some stage billions of years ago the earth, as it was then formed, was subjected to continuous rain for billions of years. This dissolved rock into the ocean, making what is commonly referred to as the primordial soup.
Due to some chance introduction of an energy force of some kind, life in the form of simple cells sprang forth from the various inanimate chemicals present in this “soup.” This life developed and became increasingly complex in nature, and through the intervening billions of years since that time has given rise to the vast diversity of life that abounds on this planet.
Creation scientists look at the cosmos and see the unmistakable hand of a designer at work. Evolutionists observe the same cosmos and view everything that is in it as the result of random chance.
It is important to understand that contrary to claims by evolutionists, belief in the biblical account of Creation is not diametrically opposed to true science. The proponents of evolution often try to cast believers in Creation as scientifically ignorant and unenlightened. Don’t let yourself be put in that position. Creationists can believe as firmly in science as anyone else. In fact, many scientists are creationists.
True science is based on what is known as the “scientific method,” by which knowledge is advanced by formulating a question, collecting data about it through observation and experiment, and testing a hypothetical answer. Only after such experimentation has proven a scientific theory to be true by producing observable and repeatable results does the theory move into the realm of scientific fact.
Because neither the big bang/evolution theory nor the belief in the Creation being wrought by God can be observed or repeated under observable experimental conditions, both are belief systems that remain within the realm of faith. It comes down to what-and who-you choose to believe.
Others try to sit on the fence. Many believe in the God of the Bible, but contend that the Creation was the result of evolutionary processes. These are the proponents of theistic evolution. A later chapter takes a closer look at the theistic evolutionist’s attempts to synthesize the polar opposites of the Bible and evolutionary theory, but in short this middle ground requires twice as much faith as the two other belief systems because it requires faith in both.